New studies show that individuals with hypertension, diabetes, and history of tobacco use are at higher risk to develop dementia later in life. Authors of the research said that for the first time they were able determine the relationship between cardiovascular issues in midlife and occurrence of  dementia.

Clinical implications of study implicates that approximately 1 in 6 US adults older than 70 years has dementia, and the prevalence of dementia is expected to increase 3-fold in the United States between 2000 and 2050. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia, accounting for 70% of cases, whereas vascular disease causes approximately 20% of dementia.

The increasing incidence of dementia in older adults are now at an alarming rate. As providers of health care, patient education on living a healthy lifestyle should be highlighted to have a healthier elderly population in the future. Greater emphasis on avoiding tobacco use, better dietary choices, and regular physical activity should be made.  Furthermore, these new studies give more reasons for health professionals to be vigilant in the prevention and  management of hypertension and diabetes, apart from being new risk factors for dementia, are regarded as two of the leading health problems today.

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Check out this episode of the Nursing Show to learn more about dementia.

Dementia Review for Nurses and Episode 95

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