Welcome to Episode 117
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Tip of The Week- Tuberculosis Review
Tuberculosis or TB is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body. TB spreads through the air when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes or talks.
Individuals who have been exposed to the bacteria may not necessarily exhibit symptoms especially if they have a strong immune system, however, a tuberculin test or special TB blood test will show a positive reaction. Those infected with latent TB will not spread the bacteria but will progress to active TB if their immune system weakens.
Since tuberculosis is highly infectious, nurses and caregivers have to take special precautions to prevent the spread or contracting the infection like isolation, use of personal protective equipment and proper disposal and disinfection of sputum stained articles like utensils, sheets and the like.
It is also necessary to let the patient understand the importance of completing and adhering to the medication regimen for patients with latent TB to prevent active TB disease, and for patients with active TB to eradicate the bacteria and avoid recurrence.
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Other Podcasts from Jamie Davis:
- The MedicCast (for EMTs, Paramedics, EMS field work)
- MedicCast News (Weekly short medical news program)
- MedicCast Live (Monthly live call-in show with a single EMS topic)
Song this week: Mike McGill with “Southern California”
Click here to get Songs from the MedicCast at the iTunes Store.
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